Art and Culture of MotihariThe city of Motihari, being the headquarters of East Champaran district and an important city in Bihar, is known for its association with illustrious personalities like Mahatma Gandhi and others. It is thus known for its simple, yet attractive historic relics and tourist sites. This city is also known for its rich cultural heritage and simple people. The people here follow various customs and rituals and celebrate festivals in a traditional and grand manner, following the ancient customs and practices. One gets to witness here ‘Unity in Diversity’, as people belonging to different religions and castes come together for various celebrations and occasions.
Religions in Motihari
The city of Motihari is said to be the birth place of non – cooperation movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in support of the local farmers. A number of freedom fighters and other distinguished personalities are said to have been from Motihari city. This city now is home to diverse population including Hindus, Muslims as well as Christians. People belonging to various religions live together in peace and harmony and participate actively in various celebrations.
Languages in MotihariHindi and Bhojpuri, one of the oldest Indian languages are mainly spoken here. Urdu, Bihari and Maithili languages are also widely spoken among the people here. English language is now gaining huge popularity, especially among the educated masses. It is used for communication as well as for official purposes.
Costumes and Handicrafts in MotihariThe people of Motihari love to dress themselves up for various festivals and celebrations. Their simplicity is reflected in their choice of attire. Women prefer wearing sarees, while men like wearing dhoti and kurta. However nowadays, modern outfits are gaining popularity, especially among the younger generations here. Innovative handicraft items made out of wood, brass, marble etc are quite in demand among the visitors and are available at attractive rates. These handicrafts, made by Bihari artisans reflect the rich Bihari culture and traditions.
Folk Songs and Dance FormsFolk music and dance form a major part of the celebrations and festivals in Motihari. Melodious and meaningful folk songs are sung on important occasions like weddings, birth ceremonies and various festivals. Sohar is sung during child birth, while Sumangali is sung during a marriage ceremony. Nirgun is one of the most popular folk songs, that sounds like Sufi songs. Some other popular folk songs here include Purbi, Samdaun, Birha, Jhumar,Kajari, Chaita, Pachra, Bidesia etc. Generally these folk songs are sung in groups and are accompanied by music using dholak, harmonium, table and other instruments. Folk songs are sung on Holi festival, accompanied by dancing and music using dholak and jhal manjeera. Jhumeri dance, performed by the married women in this region bears a striking resemblance to the Garba dance of Gujarat state.
Festivals in MotihariVarious festivals are celebrated here with great pomp and enthusiasm. Chatth Puja is an important festival here dedicated to the Sun God. It is celebrated in a grand manner twice a year, with immense faith and dedication. Ram Navami is another festival celebrated here in memory of the birth of Lord Rama. Barawafat, a popular festival celebrated by the Muslim community in Motihari in honour of the birthday of Pagambar Saheb. Teej and Sama Chakva are other popular festivals, celebrated with great zeal in Motihari. Besides these, people belonging to various communities come together to celebrate a variety of festivals like Holi, Shivratri, Eid, Diwali, Buddha Purnima, Christmas and others.
Thus Motihari is truly a treasure trove, where you get to experience the rich and varied Indian historical and cultural legacy. Do visit it to experience the true essence of its multiculturalism and diversity.