History of Motihari
Origin of the Name Motihari
Fascinating History of Motihari
Before the division of Champaran into East Chamaparan and West Champaran, the city of Motihari was an integral part of Champaran and was under the rule of Magadhas. Ajatashatru was a noteable emperor, who ruled the empire in a highly efficient manner. Motihari came under the rule of Mauryas, Videha, Sunga, Kanvas and the British during different periods of time.
A remarkable event that had taken place in Motihari is the Champaran Satyagraha, by Mahatma Gandhi, launched with the support, help and active participation of the people of Motihari. It began on 10th April 1917, when Bapu had visited Motihari city and had witnessed the miserable plight of the farmers, who were forced to cultivate indigo and opium in their farms by the British, without being paid adequate money for the same. It is thus known to be the birthplace of the Indian freedom movement. Other significant events that had taken place in this place include protest against the Simon Commission, non – cooperation movement, Bihar Students Conference, gathering of the people after the failure of Round Table Conference of 1932 to take a pledge for country’s freedom etc. The people of Motihari thus played a vital role in our country’s freedom struggle.
Popular Personalities associated with Motihari
Apart from Mahatma Gandhi, many other eminent personalities have been associated with the city of Motihari. George Orwell, one of the celebrated writers and author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, was born in the city of Motihari. Khan Bahadur Azizul Huq was a popular police officer, who worked along with Edward Henry in Henry Classification System, one of the most efficient methods for fingerprint classification. Prabhu Nath Tiwari, a congress leader and social activist was born in Motihari. Ramesh Chandra Jha from Motihari is a famous author, poet and freedom fighter. Other popular personalities from Motihari include Thakur Ramapati Singh, Raj Kumar Shukla, Janardhan Prasad and many more.